[Part 5 of 9] The Pauling Catalogue contains over 1,200 illustrations in its 1,700+ pages of text. The long process underlying the selection of these images was based upon two fundamental guiding principles.
First, it was the goal of the editorial team that The Pauling Catalogue be used to display certain of the more important documents and artifacts held within the Pauling Papers. Accordingly, annotated reproductions of such noteworthy items as Rosalind Franklin’s famous “Photo 51,” Watson and Crick’s original DNA structure typescript, and Pauling’s legendary “peace placard” are all included.
Of near equal importance was the desire to use image descriptions to tell some of the fascinating but less well-known stories imbued within the Pauling biography. Part of the archivist’s mission is to provide context for the documents held within their collections. The editorial team sought to achieve this end by composing extensive captions for a number of illustrations that, on the surface, would not seem to be altogether very interesting.
In certain other instances, custom illustrations were created by the project team for exclusive inclusion in The Pauling Catalogue. This composite view of many of Pauling’s medals, plaques and certificates is a perfect example:
Finally, image series were included throughout the publication to great effect. The following example is particularly interesting in its depiction of the wide-variety of content included in the Ava Helen and Linus Pauling Papers:
Illustrations were selected, scanned and organized using Excel spreadsheets. Each spreadsheet contained information on a selected item’s catalogue identification number, its location as an illustration within the published catalogue and the caption text written for the image.
Documents were scanned with a goal of achieving a minimum print resolution of 300 dots per inch, meaning that certain very small artifacts (slides, for example) required very high scan resolutions – upwards of 2400 dots per inch. As a result, the final tally of 1,200+ image scans required a sizeable amount of storage space – more than 36 gigabytes in total.
Close to 350 hours were logged discerning and negotiating copyright permissions for items not controlled by the OSU Libraries. This process was made all the more difficult by the fact that many of the items in the Pauling photo collection are classified as “orphan works,” e.g. images for which little or nothing is known concerning copyright provenance. The project team’s rule of thumb was to conduct due diligence in pursuing contact information for any illustration, no matter how old.
In other instances, archival context was added to image scans to enhance a given illustration’s fair-use characteristics.
Lastly, a small number of illustrations were purchased for one-time print use. (Which means, unfortunately, that we can’t show them off here!)
The Pauling Catalogue is available for purchase at http://paulingcatalogue.org
Filed under: Technical Information, The Pauling Catalogue Tagged: | Ava Helen Pauling, Bertrand Russell, David Ben-Gurion, fair use, Francis Crick, icosahedral quasicrystals, James Watson, library publishing, Linus Pauling, Nobel Peace Prize, orphan works, Pauling Catalogue, Rosalind Franklin, self-publishing